Distribuciones de GNU/Linux en América Latina y Caribe

De las 533 distribuciones de GNU/Linux y BSD en el mundo, 37 o 6.9% son de América Latina y el Caribe (incluyendo Puerto Rico). Desde que América Latina y el Caribe contiene 8.1% de la población del mundo, producen menos distribuciones que el promedio. Sin embargo Latinoamérica y el Caribe hacen mucho mejor que Asia y África que han producido muy pocas distribuciones de GNU/Linux y BSD considerando el tamaño de sus poblaciones.

Las distribuciones de GNU/Linux en América Latina y el Caribe, 4/2007
Lugar Distribuciones basado en Debian Distribuciones basado en Slackware Todas las distribuciones
No. % del país No. % del país No. % del mundo
Argentina 4 57.1% 3 42.9% 7 1.3%
Brasil 11 47.8% 4 17.4% 23 4.3%
Chile 1 100% 1 0.2%
Guatemala 1 0.2%
Peru 1 50% 1 50% 2 0.4%
Puerto Rico 2 100% 2 0.4%
Venezuela 1 100% 1 0.2%
Latinoamérica y el Caribe 20 54.1% 8 21.6% 37 6.9%
Mundo 185 34.7% 59 11.1% 533 100%
Fuente: http://www.distrowatch.com, 28/4/2007.

En Latinoamérica y el Caribe las distribuciones de Debian y Slackware son más populares que en lo demás del mundo. 54.1% de las distribuciones son basadas en Debian y 21.6% son basadas en Slackware—porcentajes más altos que lo demás del mundo. Tal vez la ideología de libertad de Debian resuena más fuerte en América Latina que en otros partes del mundo. En cambio hay muy pocos distribuciones en Latinoamérica y el Caribe basadas en Red Hat, SuSE, o las otras distribuciones comerciales.

Argentina (7)

1. DNALinux
DNALinux is a live Linux distribution based on SLAX and bundled with bioinformatics applications, such as EMBOSS, Primer3, and other software.

2. Kwort Linux
Kwort is a Slackware-based Linux distribution that uses the GTK+ toolkit and Xfce desktop. Its most prominent feature is a package manager, called kpkg, for retrieving packages from download mirrors.

3. Linux LiveCD Router
Linux LiveCD Router is a Linux distribution designed to share a broadband connection over WiFi. It can be used with DSL, cable modem, T1, ISDN, and dial-up connections. It can also be used it as a firewall, or as an access point for most WiFi cards. Linux LiveCD Router does not require any installation, but requires a dedicated computer to boot and run the CD.

4. Linux Loco
Linux Loco is an Argentinian GNU/Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux. Its objective is to offer a simple installation, an up to date desktop, and a secure base. However, the most ambitious objective of Loco Linux is to create consciousness about Free Software in Argentina, and generate a framework for the development of Free Software in public and private environments. Linux Loco is based on Progeny Componentized Linux and shares some components with gnuLinEx.

5. Musix GNU+Linux
Musix GNU+Linux is a KNOPPIX-based live and installation CD with a large collection of free audio software.

6. Tuquito
Tuquito is a Debian-based live CD made in Argentina. It features automatic hardware detection, excellent support for scanners, web cams and digital cameras, and compatibility with MS Office file formats. It is designed for beginners and intermediate Linux users.

7. Ututo
Ututo GNU/Linux is a CD-based Linux distribution developed by Diego Saravia at the Universidad Nacional de Salta in Argentina
and based on Gentoo Linux. Ututo is named after a fidgety local lizard that pokes its nose into every hole and is never at rest. UTUTO-e is a high performance desktop system based on Gentoo Linux (the “e” stands “escritorio”, or “desktop” in Spanish) designed to be used by home/office users, developers, organisations and government users. Ututo is based exclusively on Free/Libre Software.


Brasil (23)

BIG LINUX is a Brazilian Linux live CD with support for hard disk install and localised into Brazilian Portuguese. It is based on Ubuntu.

2. Conectiva Linux
Conectiva Inc. is a Brazilian company which distributes Linux packages in all of Brazil
as well as South America and also develops solutions for the Linux platform. In 1999 it was awarded by Info Exame Magazine the award for The Year’s Most Innovative Company. Conectiva Linux 4.0 was also elected the Best Operating System. Conectiva is the first distributor of Linux outside the US – Europe – Japan axis.

3. Definity Linux
Definity Linux is a Brazilian Linux distribution based on Slackware Linux.

4. Dizinha Linux
Dizinha Linux is a Brazilian Linux live CD based on Debian GNU/Linux and Kurumin Linux.

5. Dreamlinux
Dreamlinux is a Brazilian distribution based on Debian, Knoppix and Morphix. A live CD with a graphical hard disk installation option, it boots directly into an XFce desktop which provides access to a good collection of desktop applications and a central control panel for system configuration.

6. Ekaaty Linux
Ekaaty Linux is a Brazilian community distribution based on Fedora Core. Its single-CD releases are geared towards desktop use in business and home environments, with KDE desktop, Smart package manager, BrOffice.org office suite, Kontact personal information management suite, and antivirus/antispam tools forming the backbone of the distribution. Ekaaty Linux supports English and Portuguese languages only.

Famelix is a GNU/Linux distribution developed by Brazil’s Faculdade Metropolitana de Guaramirim (FAMEG) and based on the work of Kurumin Linux. Its peculiarity lies in the adaptation of the user interface so that it resembles Windows XP as much as possible.

8. Freedows
Freedows is a Brazilian commercial distribution based on Fedora Core. Several editions are available, including Lite, Standard, Thin Client, Professional, and SMB. Among them only the Lite edition is available for free download via BitTorrent.

9. GEOLivre Linux
GEOLivre Linux is a Kurumin-based Brazilian live CD geared towards geographical use. Among its specialist software one can find MapServer, GRASS, JUMP, QGIS, Thuban, GPSMan, GPSDrive and other related applications.

10. GoblinX
GoblinX is a bootable live CD distribution based on Slackware Linux. The primary goal for GoblinX is to create a more pleasant and functional desktop, standardising all icons and themes to make it easy for novice users to learn about available applications.

11. GoboLinux
GoboLinux is a Linux distribution that breaks away from the historical UNIX directory hierarchy. Basically, this means that there are no directories such as /usr and /etc. The main idea of the alternative hierarchy is to store all files belonging to an application in its own separate subtree; therefore we have directories such as /Programs/GCC/2.95.3/lib. To allow the system to find these files, they are logically grouped in directories such as /System/Links/Executables, which, you guessed it, contains symbolic links to all executable files inside the Programs hierarchy. To maintain backwards compatibility with traditional Unix/Linux apps, there are symbolic links that mimic the Unix tree, such as “/usr/bin -> /System/Links/Executables”, and “/sbin -> /System/Links/Executables” (this example shows that arbitrary differentiations between files of the same category were also removed).

12. JoLinux
JoLinux is a Brazilian desktop Linux distribution for ix86 platforms based on Slackware Linux.

13. Kalango Linux
Kalango Linux is a Brazilian Linux distribution designed for desktop use. It is based on KANOTIX and uses the Debian package management tools.

14. Kurumin Linux
Kurumin Linux is a Brazilian run-from-CD Linux distribution based on Knoppix. Its main features are excellent hardware auto-detection, support for Brazilian Portuguese and small size.

15. Litrix Linux
Litrix is a Brazilian GNU/Linux live CD distribution based on Gentoo Linux.

16. Luminux
Luminux is a Brazilian Linux distribution based on Conectiva Linux.

17. Muriqui Linux
Muriqui Linux is a Brazilian Debian-based Linux distribution incorporating the easy-to-use Anaconda graphical installer from Progeny. A special feature of this distribution is the option to install a Diskless Remote Boot Server (DRBS) automatically during the installation procedure. The principal aim of this effort is to provide a distribution specially adapted to educational environments in Brazil
where the use of diskless stations for digital inclusion is growing fast and becoming a standard. The distribution has been tested in a group of “telecentres” in the State of Minas Gerais in Brazil, with excellent results.

18. Murix Linux
MURIX is a Linux distribution created with the goal to function on all hardware platforms. It is based on Linux From Scratch.

19. Poseidon Linux
Poseidon Linux is a GNU/Linux distribution designed for academic and scientific use. Although based on Kurumin Linux, it enhances its parent by adding a large number of applications for GIS/maps, numerical modelling, 2D/3D/4D visualisation, statistics, tools for creating simple and complex graphics, programming languages and more. The usual software for daily use, such as office suite, Internet browser, instant messaging and chat clients are also included.

20. pQui Linux
pQui Linux is a Brazilian desktop-oriented distribution based on Slackware Linux.

21. Resulinux
Resulinux is a Brazilian desktop distribution and live CD based on Debian GNU/Linux. Among its unique characteristics are TexasFlood boot system, which dramatically shortens the operating system’s boot time, and a software update utility called LiveUpdate.

22. Tech Linux
Tech Linux is a RPM-based Linux distribution from Brazil.

23. TupiServer Linux
TupiServer Linux is a Linux distribution designed for servers and based on Kurumin Linux. It can be used as a live CD without a need to install it on hard disk.


Chile (1)

Admelix is a live CD distribution based on Ubuntu Linux with tools for business administration. Its main objective is to guide managers of small and medium-size businesses towards GNU/Linux and open source software. In addition to the live CD, the project’s web also provides information about open and free tools for business administration

Guatemala (1)

Mayix XliveCD
Mayix is a Gentoo-based Linux live CD with GNOME as its default desktop. The project also develops a “stage4” CD, which allows users to install a full Gentoo Linux desktop system in under one hour.

Peru (2)

1. Condorux
Condorux is a Peruvian Linux distribution based on Knoppix.

2. TumiX GNU/Linux
TumiX is a Peruvian Linux distribution based on Slackware and SLAX. It provides the KDE desktop environment together with a large number of academic, office and multimedia applications. The distribution is targeted at colleges, universities and Peruvian educational institutions in general in order to help teaching and understanding GNU/Linux and to spread the use of Free Software in Peru. TumiX is an initiative of the Peruvian Community of Free Software and is distributed under the General Public License.

Puerto Rico (2)

1. Bioknoppix
Bioknoppix is a customised distribution of the Knoppix live CD. With this distribution you just boot from the CD and you have a fully functional Linux OS with open source applications targeted at the molecular biologist. Besides using some RAM, Bioknoppix doesn’t touch the host computer, being ideal for demonstrations, molecular biology students, workshops, etc.

SNAPPIX is a KNOPPIX-based live CD Linux distribution with a pre-integrated SNAP Platform. It attempts to integrate the best open source Java components into an easy-to-use toolkit, revolving around an open source JVM implementation, the Eclipse IDE, and Apache Tomcat.


Venezuela (1)

1. Bluewall GNU/Linux
Bluewall GNU/Linux is a Linux distribution based on Debian GNU/Linux with a twist – instead of
apt, it uses NetBSD’s pkgsrc as its package management software.

Fuente: DistroWatch, http://distrowatch.com/search.php?category=All&origin=All&basedon=All&desktop=All&architecture=All&status=All

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